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Immigration Law Research

Why COI?

Country Conditions/Country of Origin Information (COI) Research is the process of gathering information about the internal conditions of a foreign country.  Lawyers that represent refugees seeking asylum in the U.S. must prove that their clients are "unable or unwilling to return to, and [are] unable or unwilling to avail himself or herself of the protection of, that country because of persecution or a well-founded fear of persecution on account of race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group, or political opinion." (see 8 U.S.C. sec. 1101(a)(42)(A); 8 U.S.C. sec. 1158(b)(1)(A)). 

U.S. Government Reports

Reports from international organizations and foreign governments

NGO reports

Directories of Expert Witnesses on Country Conditions

There are a couple databases that identify expert witnesses on Country Conditions:

Country Conditions Research in U.S. Federal Court Cases & Administrative Decisions/Guidance

Books & Articles on Country Conditions

News & Current Awareness


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