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Legislation & Regulation - Bibliography

Fall 2020 Professor Chomsky

About this bibliography

This bibliography lists articles on various aspects of statutory interpretation and judicial review of administrative agency actions. The bibliography is intended for the use of students enrolled in Legislation & Regulation, taught by Professor Chomsky. To view an article abstract, click on the article title. A link to access the full-text is at the end of the abstract.

Articles arranged by author. Click title to view its abstract. A link to full-text is at end of the abstract.

Authors A - B

Chevron Deference and Agency Self-Interest. 
By Timothy K. Armstrong 13 Cornell J.L. & Pub. Pol’y 203 (2004).

Be Reasonable: The Applicability of Chevron to Agency Interpretations of Split-Authority Statutes
By Jessica L. Asbridge 104 Marq. L. Rev. 813 (2021).

The Politics of Selecting Chevron Deference
By Kent Barnett, Christina L. Boyd & Christopher J. Walker 15 J. Empirical Legal Stud. 597 (2018).

Administrative Law’s Political Dynamics. 
By Kent Barnett, Christina L. Boyd & Christopher J. Walker 71 Vand. L. Rev. 1463 (2018).

Chevron Step Two’s Domain. 
By Kent Barnett & Christopher J. Walker 93 Notre Dame L. Rev. 1441 (2018).

Chevron’s Inevitability. 
By Nicholas R. Bednar & Kristin E. Hickman 85 Geo. Wash. L. Rev. 1392 (2017).

End the Failed Chevron Experiment Now: How Chevron Has Failed and Why It Can and Should Be Overruled. 
By Jack M. Beermann 42 Conn. L. Rev. 779 (2010).

Bostock was Bogus: Textualism, Pluralism, and Title VII
By Mitchell N. Berman & Guha Krishnamurthi 97 Notre Dame L. Rev. 67 (2021).

Legal Corpus Linguistics and the Half-Empirical Attitude
By Anya Bernstein 106 Cornell L. Rev. 1397 (2021).

The Mischief Rule
By Samuel L. Bray 109 Geo. L.J. 967 (2021).

Chevron’s Mistake. 
By Lisa Schultz Bressman 58 Duke L.J. 549 (2009).

On the Uses of Legislative History in Interpreting Statutes.
By Stephen Breyer 65 S. Cal. L. Rev. 845 (1992).

Statutory Interpretation as “Interbranch Dialogue”?
By James J. Brudney & Ethan J. Leib 66 UCLA L. Rev. 346 (2019).

Two Roads Diverged: Statutory Interpretation by the Circuit Courts and the Supreme Court in the Same Cases.
By James J. Brudney and Lawrence Baum. 88 Fordham L. Rev. 823 (2019).

Eager to Follow: Methodological Precedent in Statutory Interpretation
By Aaron-Andrew P. Bruhl. 99 N. C. L.. Rev. 101 (2020).

Hierarchy and Heterogeneity: How to Read a Statute in a Lower Court.
By Aaron-Andrew P. Bruhl. 97 Cornell L. Rev. 433 (2012).

Statutory Interpretation and the Rest of the Iceberg: Divergences Between the Lower Federal Courts and the Supreme Court.
By Aaron-Andrew P. Bruhl. 68 Duke L.J. 1 (2018).

Authors C - D

Judicial Analytics and the Great Transformation of American Law.
By Daniel L. Chen. 27 Artificial Intelligence and Law 15 (2019)

Legal Analysis, Policy Analysis, and the Price of Deference: An Empirical Study of Mayo and Chevron
By Jonathan H. Choi 38 Yale J. on Reg. 818 (2021).

An Empirical Study of Statutory Interpretation in Tax Law
By Jonathan H. Choi 95 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 363 (2020).

Judicial Review of Negotiated Rulemaking: Should Chevron Deference Apply?
By Robert Choo 52 Rutgers L. Rev. 1069 (2000).

Measuring Semantic Relatedness: A Proposal for a New Textual Tool
By Katherine A. Cohen 74 Vand. L. Rev. 483 (2021).

Sidestepping Chevron: Reframing Agency Deference for an Era of Private Governance. 
By Aaron R. Cooper 99 Geo. L.J. 1431 (2011).

Agencies Interpreting Courts Interpreting Statutes: the Deference Conundrum of a Divided Supreme Court. 
By Robin Kundis Craig 61 Emory L.J. 1 (2011).

Against Methodological Stare Decisis
By Evan J. Criddle & Glen Staszewski 102 Geo. L.J. 1573 (2014).

Disaggregating Legislative Intent
By Jesse M. Cross 90 Fordham L. Rev. 2221 (2022).

Legislative History in the Modern Congress
By Jesse M. Cross 57 Harv. J. on Legis. 91 (2020).

Text Is Not Enough
By Anuj C. Desai 93 U. Colo. L. Rev. 1 (2022).

The Dilemma of Interstatutory Interpretation
By Anuj C. Desai. 77 Wash. & Lee L. Rev. 177 (2020)

A Tale of Transformation: The Non-Delegation Doctrine and Judicial Deference
By Ilaria Di Gioia 51 U. Balt. L. Rev. 155 (2022).

Late-Stage Textualism
By Ryan D. Doerfler 2021 S. Ct. Rev. 267 (2021).

Absurdity in Disguise: How Courts Create Statutory Ambiguity to Conceal their Application of the Absurdity Doctrine
By Laura R. Dove 19 Nev. L.J. 741 (2019).

Authors E - F

The Politics of Deference
By Gregory A. Elinson & Jonathan S. Gould 75 Vand. L. Rev. 475 (2022).

Gorsuch v. the Administrative State
By Heather Elliott 70 Ala. L. Rev. 703 (2019).

Liberty and Democracy through the Administrative State: A Critique of the Roberts Court's Political Theory
By Blake Emerson 73 Hastings L.J. 371 (2022).

Administrative Answers to Major Questions: On the Democratic Legitimacy of Agency Statutory Interpretation
By Blake Emerson 102 Minn. L. Rev. 2019 (2018).

Delegation of Powers: A Historical and Functional Analysis
By Richard A. Epstein 24 Chap. L. Rev. 659 (2021).

Textual Gerrymandering: The Eclipse of Republican Government in an Era of Statutory Populism
By William N. Eskridge Jr. & Victoria F. Nourse 96 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 1718 (2021).

The Meaning of Sex: Dynamic Words, Novel Applications, and Original Public Meaning
By William N. Eskridge Jr. et. al. 119 Mich. L. Rev. 1503 (2021).

Expanding Chevron’s Domain: a Comparative Institutional Analysis of the Relative Competence of Courts and Agencies to Interpret Statutes.
By William N. Eskridge Jr. 2013 Wis. L. Rev. 411 (2013).

The Continuum of Deference: Supreme Court Treatment of Agency Statutory Interpretations from Chevron to Hamdan
By William N. Eskridge, Jr. & Lauren E. Baer 96 Geo. L.J. 1083 (2008).

Statutory Interpretation as Practical Reasoning
By William N. Eskridge, Jr. & Philip P. Frickey 42 Stan. L. Rev. 321 (1990).

Dynamic Statutory Interpretation.
By William N. Eskridge, Jr. 135 U. Pa. L. Rev. 1479 (1987).

Interest-Based Incorporation: Statutory Realism Exploring Federalism, Delegation, and Democratic Design
By Sheldon A. Evans 170 U. Pa. L. Rev. 341 (2022).

Waiving Good Faith: A Natural Language Processing Approach
By Frank Fagan. 16 N.Y.U. J.L. & Bus. 633 

Statutory Interpretation Muddle
By Richard H. Fallon, Jr. 114 Nw. U. L. Rev. 269 (2019)

Uncommon Allies: Bridging the Gap between Auer Deference and the Rule of Lenity in Criminal Cases
By Lacey Ferrara 54 Suffolk U. L. REV. 157 (2021).

Beyond Chevron: An Analysis of Idaho's Intermediate Deference Doctrine and Its Hypothetical Application in Federal Courts
By Lacey Ferrara 70 Case W. Res. L. Rev. 1193 (2020).

Textualism's Gaze
By Matthew L. M. Fletcher. 25 Mich. J. of Race and Law 111 (2020)

Statutory Interpretation or Public Administration: How Chevron Misconceives the Function of Agencies and Why It Matters
By Elizabeth V. Foote 59 Admin. L. Rev. 673 (2007).

Should Courts Give Stare Decisis Effect to Statutory Interpretation Methodology?
By Sydney Foster. 96 Geo. L.J. 1863 (2008).

Authors G

Avoidance Creep
By Charlotte Garden 168 U. Pa. L. Rev. 331 (2020).

The States as Laboratories of Statutory Interpretation: Methodological Consensus and the New Modified Textualism  
By Abbe R. Gluck 119 Yale L.J. 1750 (2010).

What 30 Years of Chevron Teach Us About the Rest of Statutory Interpretation.
By Abbe R. Gluck. 83 Fordham L. Rev. 607 (2014).

Statutory Interpretation From the Inside--An Empirical Study of Congressional Drafting, Delegation, and the Canons: Part I
By Abbe R. Gluck & Lisa Schultz Bressman 65 Stan. L. Rev. 901 (2013).

Statutory Interpretation on the Bench: A Survey of Forty-Two Judges on the Federal Courts of Appeals
By Abbe R. Gluck & Richard A. Posner 131 Harv. L. Rev. 1298 (2018).

Chevron's next Chapter: A Fig Leaf for the Nondelegation Doctrine
By Alison Gocke 55 UC Davis L. Rev. 955 (2021).

Tailoring Deference to Variety with a Wink and a Nod to Chevron: the Roberts Court and the Amorphous Doctrine of Judicial Review of Agency Interpretations of Law. 
By J. Lyn Entrikin Goering 36 J. Legis. 18 (2010).

Legislative Intentions in Antonin Scalia's and Bryan Garner's Textualism
By Jeffrey Goldsworthy 52 Conn. L. Rev. 1549 (2021).

Deconstructing the Administrative State: Chevron Debates and the Transformation of Constitutional Politics
By Craig Green 101 B.U. L. Rev. 619 (2021).

Chevron Debates and the Constitutional Transformation of Administrative Law
By Craig Green 88 Geo. Wash. L. Rev. 654 (2020).

Why Agency Interpretations of Ambiguous Statutes Should be Subject to Stare Decisis
By Harold M. Greenberg 79 Tenn. L. Rev. 573 (2012).

Who Says It’s a Crime?: Chevron Deference to Agency Interpretations of Regulatory Statutes that Create Criminal Liability
By Sanford N. Greenberg 58 U. Pitt. L. Rev. 1 (1996).

Which Textualism?
By Tara Leigh Grove 134 Harv. L. Rev. 265 (2020).

Statutes with Multiple Personality Disorders: The Value of Ambiguity in Statutory Design and Interpretation
By Joseph A. Grundfest & A.C. Pritchard 54 Stan. L. Rev. 627 (2002).

Authors H - J

Reconciling Chevron, Mead, and the Review of Agency Discretion: Source of Law and the Standards of Judicial Review
By Michael P. Healy 19 Geo. Mason L. Rev. 1 (2011).

Chevron is Dead; Long Live Chevron
By Michael Herz 115 Colum. L. Rev. 1867 (2015).

Nondelegation as Constitutional Symbolism
By Kristin E. Hickman (June 9, 2021). George Washington Law Review, Vol. 88, 2021.

Narrowing Chevron's Domain
By Kristin E. Hickman 70 Duke L.J. 931 (2021).

To Repudiate or Merely Curtail? Justice Gorsuch and Chevron Deference
By Kristin E. Hickman 70 Ala. L. Rev. 733 (2019).

Restoring the Historical Rule of Lenity as a Canon
By Shon Hopwood 95 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 918 (2020).

Chevron Under Siege
By Edwin E. Huddleson 58 U. Louisville L. Rev. 17 (2019).

The Impact of the Rise and Fall of Chevron on the Executive’s Power to Make and Interpret Law
By Linda D. Jellum 44 Loy. U. Chi. L.J. 141 (2012).

Hidden Bias in Empirical Textualism
By Matthew Jennejohn et. al. 109 Geo. L.J. 767 (2021).

Trouble in the Tribunals: Exploring the Effects of Chevron One "Step" at a Time
By Jamie G. Judefind 27 Widener L. Rev. 63 (2021).

Authors K - L

Chevron's Asylum: Judicial Deference in Refugee Cases
By Michael Kagan 58 Hous. L. Rev. 1119 (2021).

Battle of the Sexes: Disagreement about the Definition of Sex in Title IX and the Need for Judicial Review
By Sarah W. Keller 28 Va. J. Soc. Pol'y & L. 135 (2021).

Retheorizing Precedent
By Randy J. Kozel 70 Duke L.J. 1025 (2021).

Statutory Interpretation, Administrative Deference, and the Law of Stare Decisis.
By Randy J. Kozel. 97 Tex. L. Rev. 1125 (2019).

Statutory History
By Anita S. Krishnakumar 108 Va. L. Rev. 263 (2022).

Cracking the Whole Code Rule
By Anita S. Krishnakumar 96 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 76 (2021).

Backdoor Purposivism.
By Anita S. Krishnakumar. 69 Duke L.J. 1275 (2020).

Dueling Canons.
By Anita S. Krishnakumar. 65 Duke L.J. 909 (2016).

Reconsidering Substantive Canons.
By Anita S. Krishnakumar. 84 U. Chi. L. Rev. 825 (2017).

Longstanding Agency Interpretations
By Anita S. Krishnakumar 83 Fordham L. Rev. 1823 (2015).

Interpreting by the Rules
By Rebecca M. Kysar 99 Tex. L. Rev. 1115 (2021).

The Corpus and the Critics
By Thomas R. Lee & Stephen C. Mouritsen 88 U. Chi. L. Rev. 275 (2021).

The Belt-and-Suspenders Canon
By Ethan J. Leib & James J. Brudney 105 Iowa L. Rev. 735 (2020).

Justice Gorsuch's Views on Precedent in the Context of Statutory Interpretation
By Hillel Y. Levin 70 Ala. L. Rev. 687 (2019).

The APA and the Assault on Deference
By Ronald M. Levin 106 Minn. L. Rev. 125 (2021).

Chevron as a Doctrine of Hard Cases
By Frederick Liu 66 Admin. L. Rev. 285 (2014).

Recasting Canons of Interpretation and Construction into "Canonical" Queries: Initial Canonical Queries of Presented or Transmitted Text
By Harold Anthony Lloyd 57 Wake Forest L. Rev. 353 (2022).

The Ambiguous Basis for Chevron Deference: Multiple-Agency Statutes
By Daniel Lovejoy 88 Va. L. Rev. 879 (2002).

Authors M - P

Finding Original Public Meaning
By James A. Macleod 56 Ga. L. Rev. 1 (2021).

Norms, Practices, and the Paradox of Deference: A Preliminary Inquiry into Agency Statutory Interpretation.
By Jerry L. Mashaw. 57 Admin. L. Rev. 501 (2005).

Textualism, Constitutionalism, and the Interpretation of Federal Statutes
By Jerry L. Mashaw 32 Wm. & Mary L. Rev. 827 (1991).

Chevronizing around Cost-Benefit Analysis
By Jonathan S. Masur & Eric A. Posner 70 Duke L.J. 1109 (2021)..

Kisor v. Wilkie: Auer Deference Is Alive but Not So Well. Is Chevron next?,
By Matthew A. Melone 12 N.E. U. L.R. 581 (2020)..

Change, Creation, and Unpredictability in Statutory Interpretation: Interpretive Canon Use in the Roberts Court's First Decade.
By Nina A. Mendelson. 117 Mich. Law Rev. 71 2359 (2018).

Re-Reading Chevron
By Thomas W. Merrill 70 Duke L.J. 1153 (2021).

Legitimate Interpretation--Or Legitimate Adjudication?
By Thomas W. Merrill 105 Cornell L. Rev. 1395 (2020).

Statutory Realism: The Jurisprudential Ambivalence of Interpretive Theory
By Abigail R. Moncrieff 72 Rutgers U. L. Rev. 39 (2019).

Abandon Chevron and Modernize Stare Decisis for the Administrative State
By Richard W. Murphy 69 Ala. L. Rev. 1 (2017).

Textualism: Definition, and 20 Reasons Why Textualism Is Preferable to Other Methods of Statutory Interpretation
By Caroline Bermeo Newcombe 87 Mo. L. Rev. 139 (2022).

Textualism 3.0: Statutory Interpretation After Justice Scalia
By Victoria Nourse 70 Ala. L. Rev. 667 (2019).

Picking and Choosing Text: Lessons for Statutory Interpretation from the Philosophy of Language
By Victoria Nourse 69 Fla. L. Rev. 1409 (2017).

A Change of Policy: Promoting Agency Policymaking by Adjudication
By Todd Phillips 73 Admin. L. Rev. 495 (2021).

Neoclassical Administrative Law
By Jeffrey A. Pojanowski 133 Harv. L. Rev. 852 (2020).

An “Internal” Critique of Justice Scalia's Theory of Statutory Interpretation.
By William D. Popkin 76 Minn. L. Rev. 1133 (1992).

Statutory Interpretation—In the Classroom and in the Courtroom
By Richard A Posner 50 U. Chi. L. Rev. 800 (1983).

Talking Textualism, Practicing Pragmatism: Rethinking the Supreme Court’s Approach to Statutory Interpretation.
By Robert J. Pushaw, Jr. 51 Ga. L. Rev. 121 (2016).

Authors R

The Appellate Rule of Lenity
By Intisar A. Rabb 131 Harv. L. Rev. F. 179 (2018).

Chevron as a Canon, Not a Precedent: An Empirical Study of What Motivates Justices in Agency Deference Cases
By Connor N. Raso & William N. Eskridge, Jr. 110 Colum. L. Rev. 1727 (2010).

Antideference: Covid, Climate, and the Rise of the Major Questions Canon
By Nathan Richardson 108 Va. L. Rev. Online 174 (2022).

Deference Is Dead (Long Live Chevron)
By Nathan Richardson, 73 Rutgers U.L. Rev. 441 (2021).

In Defense of Legislative History
By David S. Romantz 90 Miss. L.J. 683 (2021).

Federal Rules of Statutory Interpretation
By Nicholas Quinn Rosenkranz 115 Harv. L. Rev. 2085 (2002).

Auer, Chevron, and the Future of Kisor
By Edward L. Rubin 48 Fla. St. U. L. Rev. 719 (2021)..

Authors S

The Rest is Silence: Chevron Deference, Agency Jurisdiction, and Statutory Silences
By Nathan Alexander Sales & Jonathan H. Adler 2009 U. Ill. L. Rev. 1497 (2009).

If the Text is Clear--Lexical Ordering in Statutory Interpretation
By Adam M. Samaha 94 Notre Dame L. Rev. 155 (2018).

Codified Canons and the Common Law of Interpretation. By Jacob Scott. 98 Georgetown L.J. 341 (2010).

Textualism's Theoretical Bankruptcy and Its Implication for Statutory Interpretation
By Mark Seidenfeld 100 B.U. L. Rev. 1817 (2020).

A Syncopated Chevron: Emphasizing Reasoned Decisionmaking in Reviewing Agency Interpretations of Statutes
By Mark Seidenfeld 73 Tex. L. Rev. 83 (1994).

Statutory Interpretation and Chevron Deference in the Appellate Courts: An Empirical Analysis
By Amy Semet 12 UC Irvine L. Rev. 621 (2022).

An Empirical Examination of Agency Statutory Interpretation
By Amy Semet 103 Minn. L. Rev. 2255 (2019).

A Unified Approach to Lenity: Reconnecting Strict Construction with Its Underlying Values
By Lane Shadgett 110 Geo. L.J. 685 (2022).

Continuity And Change in Statutory Interpretation
By David L. Shapiro 67 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 921 (1992).

Cutting in on the Chevron Two-Step.
By Catherine M. Sharkey. 86 Fordham Law Review 2359 (2018).

Congressional Rules of Interpretation,
By Jarrod Shobe 63 Wm. & Mary L. Rev. 1997 (2022).

Authors S (continued)

Legislative History and the Need to Bring Statutory Interpretation Under the Rule of Law
By W. David Slawson 44 Stan. L. Rev. 383 (1992).

Big Data and Accuracy in Statutory Interpretation
By Brian G. Slocum 86 Brook. L. Rev. 357 (2021).

Replacing the Flawed Chevron Standard.
By Brian G. Slocum. 60 William & Mary Law Rev. 195 (2018)

What is Statutory Purpose?
By Dale Smith (October 25, 2018). in Lisa Burton, Patrick Emerton and Dale Smith (eds), Law under a Democratic Constitution: Essays in Honour of Jeffrey Goldsworthy, Hart Publishing (2019); U of Melbourne Legal Studies Research Paper No. 799.

Disaggregating Chevron
By Lawrence B. Solum 82 Ohio St. L.J. 249 (2021).

Chevron As Construction
By Lawrence B. Solum & Cass R. Sunstein 105  Cornell L. Rev. 1465 (2020).

Bostock's Paradox: Textualism, Legal Justice, and the Constitution
By Marc Spindelman 69 Buff. L. Rev. 553 (2021).

The Dumbing Down of Statutory Interpretation.
By Glen Staszewski. 95 B.U. L. Rev. 209 (2015).

Probabilism in Legal Interpretation
By Alex Stein 107 Iowa L. Rev. 1389 (2022).

Nondelegation of Major Questions
By Clinton T. Summers 74 ARK. L. REV. 83 (2021).

Chevron as Law
By Cass R. Sunstein 107 Geo. L.J. 1613 (2019).

Interpreting Statutes in the Regulatory State
By Cass R. Sunstein 103 Harv. L. Rev. 405 (1989).

Authors T - Z

Beyond the Dictionary: Why Sua Sponte Judicial Use of Corpus Linguistics is Not Appropriate for Statutory Interpretation
By Daniel C. Tankersley 87 Miss. L.J. 641 (2018).

Statutory Interpretation from the Outside
By Kevin Tobia, Brian G. Slocum & Victoria Nourse 122 Colum. L. Rev. 213 (2022).

Testing Ordinary Meaning
By Kevin P. Tobia 134 Harv. L. Rev. 726 (2020).

Fifty Shades Of Textualism
By Andrew Tutt 29 J.L. & Pol. 309 (2014).

The Kavanaugh Court and the Schechter-to-Chevron Spectrum: How the New Supreme Court Will Make the Administrative State More Democratically Accountable
By Justin Walker 95 Ind. L.J. 923 (2020).

Decoding Nondelegation after Gundy: What the Experience in State Courts Tells Us about What to Expect When We're Expecting
By Daniel E. Walters 71 Emory L.J. 417 (2022).

Symmetry's Mandate: Constraining the Politicization of American Administrative Law,
By Daniel E. Walters 119 Mich. L. Rev. 455 (2020).

The Cobra Effect: Kisor, Roberts, and the Law of Unintended Consequences
By Patrick Warczak, Jr. 54 Akron L. Rev. 111 (2020)

The Law of Lenity: Enacting A Codified Federal Rule of Lenity
By Maisie A. Wilson 70 Duke L.J. 1663 (2021).

Reasonable Agencies
By David Zaring 96 Va. L. Rev. 135 (2010).

Legislative History and the Interpretation of Statutes: Toward a Fact-Finding Model of Statutory Interpretation
By Nicholas S. Zeppos 76 Va. L. Rev. 1295 (1990).

The Use of Authority in Statutory Interpretation: An Empirical Analysis
By Nicholas S. Zeppos 70 Tex. L. Rev. 1073 (1992).

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