Secondary sources on civil rights including Nahmod, Civil Rights & Civil Liberties Litigation: The Law of Section 1983; Americans with Disabilities: Practice & Compliance Manual; Smolla, Federal Civil Rights Acts, Third Edition; Housing Discrimination Law & Litigation; Police Misconduct: Law & Litigation; Schwartz, Section 1983 Litigation Claims & Defenses
Nearly 2 million digitized pages of internal memos, legal briefings, and direct action summaries from national, legal, and branch offices throughout the country. It charts the NAACP's work and covers issues including: lynching, school desegregation, and discrimination in the military, the criminal justice system, employment, and housing, among others. It provides a comprehensive view of the NAACP's evolution, policies, and achievements from 1909-1970. The NAACP's Major Campaigns--Legal Department Files (Board of Directors, Annual Conferences, Major Speeches, and National Staff Files; The NAACP's Major Campaigns--Education, Voting, Housing, Employment, Armed Forces; The NAACP's Major Campaigns--Scottsboro, Anti-Lynching, Criminal Justice, Peonage, Labor, and Segregation and Discrimination Complaints and Responses).
First established by the Civil Rights Act of 1957. The Commission makes findings, evaluations, and recommendations about federal laws relating to civil rights but it does not have enforcement authority. It “collects and studies information on discrimination or denials of equal protection of the laws because of race, color, religion, sex, age, disability, national origin, or in the administration of justice in such areas as voting rights, enforcement of civil rights laws, and equal opportunity in education, employment, and housing.”
Created in 1957 by the enactment of the Civil Rights Act of 1957, works to uphold the civil and constitutional rights of all Americans, particularly some of the most vulnerable members of our society. The Division enforces federal statutes prohibiting discrimination on the basis of race, color, sex, disability, religion, familial status and national origin.
The University of Michigan Law School's Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse is a growing collection of documents and information about civil rights cases in over 20 selected case categories across the United States.
Responsible for enforcing federal laws that make it illegal to discriminate against a job applicant or an employee because of the person's race, color, religion, sex (including pregnancy), national origin, age (40 or older), disability or genetic information. It is also illegal to discriminate against a person because the person complained about discrimination, filed a charge of discrimination, or participated in an employment discrimination investigation or lawsuit. Most employers with at least 15 employees are covered by EEOC laws (20 employees in age discrimination cases). Most labor unions and employment agencies are also covered.
Works raising and addressing often complex and difficult civil rights and civil liberties issues in a changing and diverse society; and
ensuring that protection of individual rights remains a focus of legal and policy decisions.
University of Michigan Library's Brown v. Board of Education Digital Archive. This archive contains documents and images which chronicle events surrounding this historically significant case up to the present.
Neutral state agency that investigates charges of illegal discrimination, ensures that businesses seeking state contracts are in compliance with equal opportunity requirements, and strives to eliminate discrimination by educating Minnesotans about their rights and responsibilities under the state Human Rights Act