Key concept #1: Ask for help when you need it. Don't be shy.
Key concept #2: International law has no well-defined hierarchy of legal authorities –can be confusing to research and to understand what the law is.
Key Concept #3: start your research in scholarly commentary. The experts will help you identify the appropriate treaties, custom, principles, judicial decisions, etc. To navigate scholarly commentary, make use of advanced searches, subject headings, and currency.
Communication = Complaint, petition, application
Concluding observation = treaty body’s written response to State party report, identifying progress and challenges in treaty compliance
Jurisprudence = “case law” of treaty bodies
Shadow reports = reports on human rights prepared by NGOs to supplement State party reports
State party reports = periodic reports, submitted by countries that have become a party to a human rights treaty, detailing the country’s efforts to comply with that treaty
Views = decisions, opinions of treaty body on individual communications
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